Development of the eastern grounds of the
Malbork Castle Complex for tourism
the project with a value of PLN 15.3 million is seeking funding from the Pomorskie Voivodeship Regional Operational Programme for 2007-2013, within the scope of priority axis 6 – Tourism and Cultural Heritage – Activity 6.3 Regional cultural heritage.
Project Leader: Malbork Castle Museum
Project Partner: Malbork Town Hall
The project encompasses the performance of building, renovation and conservation works in relation to existing structures known as Wał Plauena [Plauen's Dike] (including conservation and reconstruction of Zespół Bramy Nowej [New Gate Complex], conservation of the inside of the defensive walls, building and conservation works on the defensive walls with towers), the performance of works with the aim of reorganising communication within the eastern part of the Castle and the creation of infrastructure for organising shows, including the construction of an auditorium together with the required infrastructure on the eastern bank of Kanał Juranda [Jurand's Canal].
Brama Nowa [New Gate] is the historic entrance to the Castle, used during the reign of the Teutonic Knights. Currently, all of the tourist traffic is handled by Brama Główna [Main Gate], with the ticket office located in its vicinity. Very often, during high season queues of tourists wishing to sightsee the Castle appear, as there is only one entry point to the Castle in use. The Project scenario described here, assumes the erection of a second ticket office in the vicinity of Brama Nowa [New Gate] which will improve the flow of tourist traffic and accessibility during high season. The reconstruction of Nowa Brama [New Gate] complex and its structures will in itself be beneficial for the Museum and its facilities.
The proposed Wał Plauena [Plauen’s Dyke] works will enlarge the Museum’s area and at the same time increase the grounds of the Castle, restoring them to the original size in this sector. Tourists will be able to view the Eastern panorama of the Castle, which is currently not on show.
Spectator stands will be erected on the opposite bank of Kanał Juranda [Jurand’s Canal], for those participating in cultural events and historical reconstructions. The stands will have a total capacity of 5 340 seats. The first section of the stands, totalling 2 880 seats, made of reinforced concrete, will be in use all year round. Apart from the permanent stands, a mobile section will also be constructed, providing seats for 2 460 spectators.
This concept, of mobile stands, will require additional road works on ulica Parkowa [Parkowa Street], between the junction and railway viaduct. With the mobile stands erected, this street will be transformed into a boulevard.
Two historic bridges will be reconstructed in accordance with archived documents and analogous to similar structures within the Malbork Castle Complex.
The implementation of the project will improve accessibility and attractiveness of the Castle for tourists. The construction of the stands will allow the cultural potential of the historic site to be utilised, creating a convenient venue to stage cultural events for tourists and the local populace.
The planned investment will be implemented in Malbork, on the eastern side of the Castle Complex, in the eastern part of Przedzamcze. The project encompasses, on the MCM side, the area of Wał Plauena [Plauen's Dyke], constrained by the Piastowska and Starościńska streets, Kanał Juranda [Jurand Canal], and the railway tracks. On the diagram below, the area which will be subject to the investment has been marked.
Whereas the area where the City of Malbork is looking to build the stands is located on the opposite side of Kanał Juranda (on the above plan it is called Kanał Młynówki). The following visualisations depict how the stands will look, as well as their location corresponding to the castle.
The Project Partners, are looking to develop the area known as Wał Plauena [Plauen's Dyke], by designating and organising an area which will be used for mass events and undertake conservation or restoration of the existing ruins. The following will be subject to works as part of the Project:
► Inside section of the walls.
► Zespół Bramy Nowej [New Gate Complex]
► Brama Snycerska [Snycerska Gate]
► Walls with towers
► Narrow gauge railway pillars.
A reorganisation of the communication is also within the scope of the project, which entails:
► Abolishing of the car park, adjacent to ulica Piastowska [Piastowska Street] (more than 0.3 ha) together with developing the area as a meeting and organisational point for tourists. An additional educational function is also planned for this area - the surface elements will depict a map of the courtyard.
► Designating a new, alternative but at the same time historic entrance to the Castle, which will make use of the new, recreated pedestrian communication along Wał Plauena [Plauen's Dyke].
► The closing of ulica Piastowska and Starościńska [Piastowska and Starościńska streets], to car and coach traffic.
The following are planned to be part of the Project:
1) The development of the Wał Plauena [Plauen’s Dyke] area with the designated usage being recreational functions, including:
► tidy up the greenery
► setting small structures,
► the mapping of pedestrian flows and tidy up of the cobble stone road on the Dyke.
► purchase and installation of lighting, illumination
► the outside of the eastern Przedzamcze fortifications belt, development of the area for mass events
2) The performance of building and conservation works, and assigning appropriate functions to the following structures:
► Zespół Bramy Nowej [New Gate Complex] – conservation of 4 sections of walls (Total area of 1495 sq. m.), reconstruction of the barbican and the round tower together with an adaptation of the interiors for use by the museum (façade area of 817 sq. m., interior usable floor area of 150.6 sq. m.). On the barbican courtyard the construction of a new ticket office building (area 40 sq. m.) together with the necessary infrastructure (heating, electrical, telecoms and IT and sanitary installations). The reconstruction of the draw bridge.
► Wall with towers – conservation of walls (total area of 1067 sq. m.), reconstruction of towers I and II, reconstruction of the Basteja Rycerska [Knights Tower], including the adaptation of interiors (usable floor area of 135.4 sq. m.) for the use as technical facilities to service the spectacles organized by these walls.
► The dismantling of a concrete narrow gauge railway pillar located on Wał Plauena [Plauen's Dyke], and conservation of three brick pillars (area of 320 sq. m.);
► Brama Snycerska [Snycerska Gate] – conservation of the interior of the gate passage (area of 75 sq.m.), reconstruction of the draw bridge, building of a guardhouse (7.5 sq. m.)
► Interior walls section – conservation works to the brick face (area 1335 sq. m.)
3) The construction of stands on the eastern bank of Kanał Juranda [Jurand's Canal], together with the necessary infrastructure, including:
► the construction of permanent stands to accommodate 2 880 spectators – ground works, prefabricated reinforced concrete, steel supports and railings, wooden seats.
► supply and assembly of mobile stands with 2460 seats and the stage (covered by roof)
► networks – the expansion of the LV and MV electrical power supply network and the construction of telecoms and IT networks – 900 m, channels with culverts and manholes, box transformer station, rebuilding of rain drainage systems with sedimentation tanks, rebuilding of the sewage and water supply systems with manholes and meters.
► correction of greenery – cutting down of trees and shrubs – about 77 pcs., planting of young trees and shrubs – about 620 pcs.,
► sowing of grass on sloped banks on rich topsoil – about 1200 sq. m.
► purchase of a large LED display with sound facilities
► purchase of a mobile stage
4) Reorganisation of communication in the eastern part of the Castle:
► Abolishing of the car park, adjacent to ulica Piastowska [Piastowska Street] (more than 0.3 ha) together with developing the area as a meeting and organisational point for tourists – elements of the surface will depict a map of the Teutonic State.
► Designating a new, alternative but at the same time historic entrance to the Castle, which will make use of the aforementioned pedestrian communication along the Wał Plauena [Plauen's Dyke], reconstructed bridges and a new ticked office building.
► the closing of ulica Starościńska [Starościńska Street], to car and coach traffic.
The Works performed on Wał Plauena [Plauen's Dike] are predominantly highly sophisticated building and conservation works involving specialised means and equipment:
1. Conservation of brick wall (mainly facade works) – preformed with the use technology and conservatory materials of established companies such as Tubag, Remmers; fillings made by custom ordered ceramic material corresponding to the conserved section of the wall.
2. conservation of stone – performed by means of technology presented on conservation of brick wall as explained during conservation works on the brick wall using materials applied in conservation of stone.
3. roofing coverage – shingles made to an individual order corresponding to the size of the traditional roofing material used in Malbork; brown coloured glazed ‘nuns’ are applied in and patinated ‘monks’ Arranged by dry method i.e. by means of stainless steel pegs
4. window and door woodwork – the missing elements will be subject to reconstruction on the basis of preserved traces, filed documentation or similarities to the elements remaining in the Complex of the Malbork Castle, seasoned wood of appropriate kind will be used.
5. primary layers of indoor flooring surfaces – typical flooring works, however because of the objects’ historical character they will be made of non aggressive materials
6. flooring – new flooring layers will be made of bricks or ceramic tiles of appropriate sizes, colours and specially selected parameters in relation to the practical function of the interiors.
7. bridges – reconstruction of both bridges will be performed on the basis of documentation and analogous objects in the Malbork Complex, seasoned coniferous wood will be used during construction works, oak or coniferous wood shingles will be used for roofing
8. earth works – will be performed by traditional methods in relation to the historical character of the castle layout with continuous heritage conservatory and archaeological supervision
9. road works – performed with the use of traditional methods in relation to the historical character of the castle layout, the traffic routes will be paved with cobblestone varying appropriately in shape and size.
All earth works performed in relation to Wał Plauena [Plauen's Dike] will be conducted with Pracownie Archeologiczna Muzeum Zamkowego w Malborku [Archaeological Workshop of the Malbork Castle Museum] supervision.